Morning walk: A good habit for health


Actually, there is a lot of thoughts coming to mind. First of all, everyone wants to live a healthy life and keep fits. There are various methods for keeping the body in a good shape and fit.

Someone goes to Gym, someone does Yoga and somebody prefer to do light and heavyweight exercise.

Here, I am talking about morning walk, which is good for all ages group of people. All of us, know that as the age of people increases, the body of them are not able to do the heavy work as people go to Gym, lifting dumbbells etc.

So, walking is the most important and essential exercise for all ages of the group to keep the body healthy and fit.

Morning walk

Around 30 minutes every day can increase cardiovascular fitness, strengthen bones, reduce excess fat and boost muscle power. It also can help in reducing the risk of developing conditions such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and osteoporosis etc.

So, a daily brisk walk can help us a healthier life.

Walk to be healthy, walk to be happy

A lot of researchers, scientist and doctors also suggest that people who exercise daily in their 50 plus or 60 plus are 40% less likely to die over the next eight years than their non-walking counterparts.

So, walking is a great way to maintain overall health. Actually, walking does not require a lot of equipment as found in Gym. Walking is a lower impact exercise and can be done for longer periods of time.

Walking on ground

In every walk with nature, one receives far more than he seeks.

Walking can do improve memory and prevent the deterioration of brain tissue as we age.

Morning walk-in garden

Benefits of walking

1) It improves circulation. It brings lower blood pressure and strengthen the heart.

2) Lose Weight

3) Lighten the mood

4) Improve sleep

5) Enjoy a longer life

6) Strength the muscles and bones

7) Improve the breathing

8) Slow down mental decline

9) Lower Alzheimer’s risk

10) Boost mood

11) Reduce fatigue

12) Sleep better at night

It is my advice that makes it part of the routine. So, if you want to stay well, walk for 30-45 minutes nearly daily every day.

Waking up early in the morning is good. Having a walk is better.

Walking and running is a good habit for maintaining health and fitness. Walking does not require a lot of equipment and tools. So, walk without worrying about the risks associated with some more vigorous form of exercise.

Walking is the best medicine. Why walking is so good for your health?

Walking not only strengthen the muscles, stamina and improve blood circulation also, but it also helps to relax and alleviate stress. It also improves our mood.

An early morning walk is a blessing for the whole day

So, start walking and be happy and fit.

Create healthy habits, not restrictions

Dr S. K.jha

Walking is beneficial for learning and thinking.

Rajgir: A beautiful journey

No one in this world, who does not like travelling and exploring the new place. Yes, all of us want to travel and like it. Travelling is fun, exploring new culture and sightseeing and taking experience. It changes people physically and mentally.

Travelling reduces stress, making them energetic and giving them a rich experience in life.

During the journey and meet new people, learn a new language is awesome. Travelling improves our personality, understanding and knowing other cultures.

Remember, The world is a book and those who don’t travel read only one chapter.

During travelling, eating local food in a new place is an entirely new experience.

Now, I am telling you about a new and adventure as well as a holy place that is Rajgir.

Rajgir is a historical city in the state of Bihar, near the Nalanda District. It is surrounded by hills and forests. It is also known as a holy place in the world.

The city is surrounded by seven hills:

1) Vaibhara

2) Ratna

3) Sona

4) Udaya

5) Salix

6) Chhatha

7) Vipula

Rajgir due to its pleasant climate has emerged as a healthy and winter resort. There is a warm water pond also.

Travelling to Rajgir make me realise a new way of living in life. Rajgir has a whole plethora of places that would keep entangled in their beauty, history, culture and tradition.

Rajgir is also deeply associated with Lord Buddha and Buddhism. Lord Buddha had spent many years in Rajgir during the reign of King Bimbisara.

Rajgir is greener and has a more pleasant climate. The name Rajgir means”House of the King”. Rajgir pilgrimage is a very important Buddhist site since Lord Buddha spent 12 years over here and also preached two sermons.

Let’s see what we could find the beautiful places in Rajgir for sightseeing.

1) Buddha circuit

2) Vishwa Shanti stupa

What can you say about travelling where you have to practically claw yourself away from starting point? I am here to tell you about the secret heart of Bihar, a holy place and greeny area.

3) Rajgir hot springs

4) Griddhakuta park

5) Swarna Bhandar

6) Ashoka stupa peak

7) Pandu pokhar

8) Ghora katara lake

) Rajgir rope way

10) Japanese stupa

11) Glass bridge

So, there are so many beautiful places to visit and you can enjoy your trip with your family.

Jobs fill your pocket, Adventure fill your soul.

The benefits of of travelling to a new place is that it forces us to face the unknown and think differently.

From a hectic schedule, people want to relax. For them, travelling is a good choice. As you travel, you realise that the world is a much better place than what we can see on TV or reading a book.

Fill your life with experience, not things. Have stories to tell, not stuff to show.

So travel does not make you feel as bad for spending money.

Dr.S. k.jha

Black fungus: Is it so dangerous? What are the key factors about it?

As all of us living in a fearful situation, a lot of Covid cases are coming in a new form.

Even as the second wave of Covid-19 has ruined the lives of people in India. This is a new black fungus distinguished in people who had recovered from this deadly disease.

In the second wave of Covid-19, some unusual things are happening which were not there in the first wave such as the use of industrial oxygen. There are also variants of the Corona Virus in the second wave.

Day by day, the Black fungus( mucormycosis) cases are increasing. This Black fungus is a rare fungal infection caused by a group of moulds known as mucormycosis. These molds live throughout the environment. Black fungus mainly affects people who have health problems or those who are taking medicines that lower the body immunity and lower the body’s ability to fight germs and get sickness easily.

This type of cases has been found in China and India, particularly among patients who are suffering from diabetes, cancer or immune compromising conditions like HIV.

But, now it is reported that those people who had covid-19..especially who have health problems like diabetes, heart, cancer and kidney problems – have been found to be more susceptible to this disease.

Now, it is a big question in everyone mind that how this Black fungus enters the body?

The exact cause is unknown. But, it seems that an unhygienic way of delivering oxygen to patients or combined with an excess dose of steroids and long time given the steroids for the treatment of covid-19 patients.


1) Pain/ stiffness in the nose

2) Inflammation on cheeks

3) Swelling of eyelids

4) Pain and redness around the eyes or nose

5) Headache

6) Coughing

7) Shortness of breath

8) Chest pain and sometimes vomiting of blood in serious condition

MRI and CT scan of the nasal cavity, sinuses and brain is necessary. Another one is endoscopic evaluation of the nasal cavity can confirm fungal lesions.

All fungal and necrotic tissues should be removed from the nasal cavity.

This Black fungus has a high mortality rate. The fungal infections affected the covid-19 patients, who have weakened immune system and the underlying medical illness particularly diabetes and irrational use of steroids.

These two factors are prevalent in India, which is the main reason for the devastating second wave of corona virus.

Black fungus has emerged as a post covid complication, which has spiked in the second wave of the pandemic in India. Till now, approximately 18 States have reported Black fungus cases.

It is my personal opinion that when oxygen shortage being reported across most of India, a large amount of industrial oxygen had been delivered for medical purposes. This industrial oxygen cylinder is treated roughly and without proper upgrading and without proper hygiene. These industrial oxygen cylinders are not used for medical purposes as they have dust particles, moisture and water seepage unless without proper upgrading and upgradations.

The highest risk of catching fungal infections of any kind right now exists for those people who have a history of high blood sugar levels or uncontrolled diabetes and a weak immune system.

But, we have to remember that a battle with covid-19 can render the body very weak and fall sick especially weeks after the recovery stage if one is not too careful. Since Covid-19 can also lead to vital organ complications, there is a big risk of catching infections like Black fungus, white or yellow fungus.


1) wearing a mask is compulsory — fungal spores found in the air can easily enter the body through nose.

2) cleaning and replacement of humidifiers

3) Mask should be disinfected daily

4) sterile normal saline should be used in the humidifier and changed daily.

The Black fungus infection has been seen in cases of uncontrolled diabetes, immunosuppression by steroids, prolonged ICU stay and comorbidities.

Patients with Black fungus are currently treated with known Amphotericin-B injection or liposomal injection.

India is not the only country facing the crisis, even Pakistan, Russia and other country also seeing a surge in Black fungus infection.

So, be careful and follow the guidelines.


Covid 19 ( coronavirus) : an impact on human life

This covid19 ( coronavirus) is an infectious disease.

First, this covid- 19 is originated in December 2019, Wuhan ( China). Slowly, this virus is spreading and affecting people’s health. When people are affected by this deadly virus and losing their life, then WHO announced about this virus and declared as a pandemic. This Covid-19 is considered as the most crucial global health problems and the greatest challenges for the humankind and for the World and nations.

This pandemic has rapidly spread around the world and affecting the enormous health, economic, environmental and social challenges to the entire human population as well as for the government to win over these pandemic cases.

Almost all the nations in the world are struggling to slow down the transmission of the disease by proper guidelines issued by WHO and Scientists.

The Covid-19 has affected in human life day by day and slow down the global economy. This pandemic has affected lakhs of people. Due to this pandemic, millions of people are at risk of falling into extreme poverty, small businessmen face an extended threat. Most of the people have lost their jobs. Many are unable to feed themselves and their families. With low and irregular income and a lack of social support, many of them spurred to continue working, often in an unsafe condition, they are exposing themselves and their families to additional risks.

This pandemic is affecting different people in different ways. This Covid-19 pandemic led to a dramatic loss of human life worldwide and presents an unprecedented challenge to public health and the world to work. The economic and social disruption caused by this pandemic is devastating. Millions of people are dying.

The huge social and economic uncertainty associated with Covid-19 may be causing people to feel hopeless. This Covid-19 affects people’s health and develop mild to moderate illness and recover from serious conditions and hospitalisation.

Nearly half of the world’s population are struggling and losing their jobs for surviving their family.

Most common symptoms


Dry cough



Less common symptoms

Aches and pain

Sore throat,


Loss of taste or smell

Sometimes difficulty in breathing

Recovery time

According to available data and researches, the medium time from onset to clinical recovery for mild to moderate cases is approximately two to three weeks and is four to six weeks for patients with severe or critical diseases.

So, taking extensive precautions as regularly washing of hands with soaps and a sanitizer, wearing of double masks, social distancing and so on.

Many countries had lockdown the movement of people and enforcing strict quarantine to control the spread of this havoc of the high communicable disease.

This covid-19 has affected our day to day life, business, disrupting the world trade and movements.

The various industries and sectors are affected by this deadly virus. Disrupt the supply of products, slowing the manufacturing of essential goods, avoiding National and international travelling, closing the temples, schools and colleges, and disruption of religious, cultural and festive events.

Fears of spreading the disease among the population, closure of the parks, hotels and restaurants. Many students are facing stress due to the closure of the schools and colleges and postponed of their examinations.

In these pandemic conditions, health care professionals face of difficulties in maintaining the quality of health care these days.

Patients with other diseases and health problems are getting neglected in pandemic conditions.

Doctors are over stress, with challenges in the diagnosis, quarantine and treatment of suspected or confirmed cases.

Now, it is the time for global solidarity and support especially with the most vulnerable in our societies, particularly in the emerging and developing world.

So, we have to need long-term sustainable strategies to address the challenge facing health and all business sectors.

This is indeed an unpredictable time for all of us, as to how long we will suffer and how much finance and other things.

Most people are suffering at the moment and worrying about the future.

Let us hope that we will win over it.

Next time , I will discuss about the new variant of the virus, who is more dangerous than now.

With hope, all of us will safe.


White fungus in the covid patient: is it more dangerous than black fungus

The second wave of covid 19 pandemic has been more devastating than the first wave. People are suffering rapidly in the second wave. The second wave, which is more stepper than the first wave, continues to transmit the virus among people. The second wave is spreading at a faster pace in every age group. As the second wave has not been slow down, the new type of infection found in Covid 19 as a Black fungus and now as White fungus.

Crowded in market

After a spike in black fungus cases in several states across the country, a new lethal fungus has emerged — White fungus .It is believed to be more fatal than black fungus.

As the deadly black fungus, that has come with a second wave of Covid-19 in the country, a new lethal” White fungus” has knocked the door, which has found in Patna, Bihar. At least, four patients had been diagnosed with this lethal fungal infection.

But, we should be alert that this could be many more cases of the disease so far unreported.

This white fungus can affect not only the lungs , but also other parts of the body including the skin, nails, stomach, kidney brain, mouth and private parts of the body.

A few months back , black fungus cases had come, which was more dangerous and affecting the people.

Now, there a new infection called white fungus has come and found in some affected Covid -19 patient.

These new cases of White fungus have been detected in Patna, Bihar and it seems that it is more dangerous than black fungus.

Actually, this infection can be caused due to low immunity or if people come in contact with things that contain these moulds like water etc.

So , sanitation is very very important.


Patients of white fungus show covid like symptoms, but their report might be negative, so, only this infection can be diagnosed through HRCT of the chest. Covid 19 patients are more prone to white fungus as it affects the lungs and similar symptoms develop like that of corona virus.

1) Fever

2) cough

3) Diarrhoea

4) Dark spots on lungs, reduced oxygen levels

Those who have weak immunity like diabetes, cancer patients and those patients who are taking steroids for a long period should take special care as they are more at risk.

According to experts, this new white fungus is four times more dangerous than the black fungus.

Test of covid

Treatment and prevention

Patients with white fungus are currently behaved toward with known anti-fungal medication and hope it might be helpful.

The unsanitary use of oxygen cylinders or the overuse of steroids can also heighten the risk of infection.

It is easy to prevent from white fungus infection by sanitising the oxygen or ventilator properly.

Cooperation with corona warriors

This white fungus (candida and aspergillus) reaching the lungs could pose a new challenge.

But, we can not ignore the fact that apart from fungus, many rare bacterial and other microorganisms — caused new symptoms may emerge in Covid and post- Covid patients in the coming days.

Especially, the patients who are home isolated,should do the HRCT of the chest immediately to rule out any problems.

It has been seen that the patient infected with white fungus showed covid- like symptoms but we’re tested negative. So, the expert believe on HRCT scan of the chest may be required to trace the fungal infection.

So, be careful and stay safe as well as follow the guidelines strictly.


Yoga and Health: How to keep your body fit and flexibility


Yoga: This word itself strikes in mind to keep fit mind and body. Yoga is a practice that connects the body, mind and breath. It uses physical postures, breathing exercises and meditation to improve overall health.

During this pandemic condition, Yoga is a booster for increasing the immunity system and strength of the body.

Actually, Yoga has developed as a spiritual practice thousands of years ago. It has been coming from ancient times, but recently in the past few decades, it is using to reduce obesity, mental illness, anxiety, flexibility, depression, hypertension and other ailments.

Scientists and Researchers also agree on this point Yoga is beneficial for health purpose.

Yoga is usually divided into 8 limbs which are:

1) Yama

2) Niyama

3) Asana

4) Pranayama

5) Pratyahara

6) Dharana

7) Dhayana

8) Samadhi

It is a holistic way of life leading to a state of complete physical, mental and spiritual wellbeing and harmony with the nature.

Yoga early morning

Yoga can be used by any age group for reducing mental stress, diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular disease as well as reducing anxiety and depression also.

Yoga at home

The nature of Yoga is to shine the light of awareness into the darkest corner of the body.

Although, Yoga originated in India thousands of years ago. Yoga has been proved by researchers that it is effective in the prevention as well as management of stress and stress-induced disorders.

It has been known that yoga is beneficial in health conditions like decreased anxiety, stress, fear, obesity and hypertension.

1) Obesity and overweight — overweight and obesity are strong risk factors for diabetes, hypertension and ischemic heart disease. Yoga is helpful in the management of obesity. Many people are suffering from obesity due to lifestyle and junk food. Less physical exercise increases overweight.

Obesity and overweight

2) Hypertension — Regular yoga practice for at least 1/2 hours per day is also found in controlling hypertension. Yoga together with psychotherapy, relaxation feedback and meditation has been found to a convincing antihypertensive effects.

Yoga stretch

3) Diabetes— In India and the world, there is the largest number of cases of diabetes. The practice of Yoga regularly can help in the control of type-2 diabetes mellitus. Yoga also has beneficial cognitive brain functions.

4) Lipid profile – Elevated serum total cholesterol, LDL, Triglycerides are risk factors of ischemic heart disease. So, Yoga is beneficial for controlling these factors.

Yoga regularly

5) Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – Yoga practice improves lung functions and strength of inspiratory and expiratory muscles. Yoga can improve the quality of life.


Yoga can improve overall fitness levels and improve flexibility and posture.

a) it helps in relaxation

b) it lowers blood pressure level and heart rate

c) it improves coordination

d) it improves self confidence

e) it reduces stress

f) it improves concentration

g) it reduces anxiety, back pain and depression

h) it helps in sound sleep

I) it boosts the immune system functionally

j) it prevents irritable bowel syndrome and other digestive problems

k) it gives inner strength

l) it improves flexibility, builds muscle strength, perfect posture, prevents cartilage, and joint breakdown.

m) it improves balances and relaxes the system.

n) it is also better for bone health.

Balance and yoga

Therefore, it is concluded that the practice of yoga is beneficial for all dimensions of health i.e. physical, social, mental and spiritual. There are different types of Yoga. As per the yoga instructor, we should have to practice Yoga under his/ her guidance.

But, always remember that wrongly body or incorrect asanas and breathing incorrectly, while exercising can be harmful to health and body.

Yoga in correct position

So, Yoga is a light, which once lit will never dim.

Remember, Yoga is the practice of the quality of mind.

There are several Yoga styles and finding the right one which will help ensure you keep your practice regularly. For those, who want a more fast-paced practice, consider Power Yoga. Hatha Yoga is good for beginner’s because of its slow pace and introductory poses.

Don’t practice yoga to get better at yoga, practice Yoga to get better at living.

Now, I think all of you will start yoga and will take care of your health.


What are modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors?

Here, I am giving some light on the modifiable and non-modifiable diseases, which are harmful to our health.

Coronary heart disease is the major killer in the world today. These killer risk factors can be controlled if we are aware of the risk factors of CHD. The factors which can change are modifiable and those that can’t are non-modifiable.

Non- modifiable risk factors

1) Increasing age– Incidence of CHD increases with age, majority of patients being in the 50 plus.

2) Sex– Men have a greater risk of CHD than women and they have attacks earlier in life.

3) Hereditary — Children of parents with CHD are more likely to develop it themselves. The lifestyle of the family, presence of other risk factors like obesity, hypertension, and diabetes in the family increase the risk.

Modifiable risk factors

1) Smoking — about 30% of the smoking-related deaths are due to CHD and smoking is responsible for about 20% of all death from CHD. Smokers who have a heart attack are more likely to die. Apart from the smokers, the people around the smoker( passive smokers) are also at the increase risk.


2) Hypertension — The risk of CHD increases continuously with increasing blood pressure. Hypertension damage the endothelial lining of the arteries making them more susceptible to atherosclerosis and vasospasm.

Blood Pressure

3) High cholesterol levels — the risk of CHD rises as blood cholesterol levels increase. High blood cholesterol levels also increase the incidence of death due to CHD. The source of cholesterol can be exogenous( from the diet) or endogenous( produced in the body mainly by the liver). Today, people are eating an increased amount of non-vegetarian foods or junk foods and contributing to exogenous source of cholesterol.

Hear rate chart

4) Obesity– people who have excess body fat are more likely to develop CHD even if they have no other risk factors. Obesity is directly linked with CHD because it influences blood pressure, blood cholesterol and triglycerides and makes diabetes more likely to develop. Central obesity which is associated with increased abdominal fats has a greater adverse effect on associated risk factors and actual risk of CHD.


So, there is a strong positive relationship between the degree of obesity and the presence of hypertension, hypertriglyceridaemia, hyperinsulinemia and low level of HDL – cholesterol.

5) Physical Activity — Physically inactive people have a higher tendency to develop obesity, diabetes, low blood viscosity and low HDL cholesterol and all are at an increased risk of developing CHD.


People who exercise regularly have a greater cardiorespiratory reserve. Regular exercise is an excellent stress reliever.

6) Diabetes– Diabetes is a strong risk factor in women. Both IDDM and NIDDM are associated with a markedly increased risk of CHD. Diabetes increases triglycerides, reduce HDL cholesterol, damage the endothelium and promote smooth muscle proliferation in the arteries and increase transport of cholesterol into smooth muscle cells.

Diabetes checking

7) Stress— In daily life, we are under great stress these days. People are facing problems even to get their basic needs. The cost of living is increasing and people find it difficult to make their ends meet. The families are breaking and the responsibilities are not being shared. People under stress tend to overeat, start smoking or some more than they otherwise would. Stress can increase blood pressure, heart rate and adverse effects on coagulation and fibrinolysis.


A negative mind never gives you a positive life.

8) Oral contraceptive pills – there is evidence to suggest that the pill damages the arteries and increase the incidence of CHD, especially when taken 5 years or more. Risk is greater in women above 35 years old and in the presence of other risk factors.

Oral pills 💊

So, hope now you will take care of yourself, your families and friends.

Dr S.k.jha

Now I hope you will enjoy your life.


It is estimated that around 15-18 million people are suffering from anxiety disorders.

It is characterized by persistent anxiety without any specific symptoms of phobia, panic or obsessive compulsive disorder.

It is normal to be time to time especially now a days when Covid 19 is spreading in full swing and affected more people day by day. Excessive worry and anxiety that are difficult to control and interfere with day to day activities lead to a sign of generalized anxiety disorder.

Generally , women are more affected than men. Women who is working , there are more stress for keeping balance between family and work. Daily life becomes a constant state of worry,fear and dread.


Exact reasons are not known,but some research suggests that the following reasons for generalized anxiety disorder.:–

1) Genetics

2) Environmental factors- Basically involves trauma, divorce, death of family members, changing jobs or loss of jobs.

3) Brain chemistry

4) Use of withdrawal of addictive substances such as alcohol, caffeine, nicotine.

Signs and symptoms

People who are suffering from it having some symptoms such as–

1) overthinking plans and solutions

2) persistent worrying or anxiety

3) muscle aches

4) fatigue

5) inability to relax, feeling restless

6) Difficulty in concentration

7) Trouble sleeping

8) Nervousness


1) Shakiness

2) Restlessness

3) Hyperactivity

4) Anxiety

5) Fear

6) Insomnia

7) Poor concentration

8) Irritability

9) Impatience

It is true that Sleeping is hard when our mind is full of thoughts.

It leads to more risks– such as economic hardship, food insecurity, health problems and G generalized anxiety- than they mitigate.

Anxiety or physical symptoms cause significant distress in social , work or other areas of life.

Anxiety may be present in depression, schizophrenia and other organic mental state. Except it, thyroid disease, renal disease, coronary artery disease can develop the signs and symptoms of anxiety.

Generally, generalized anxiety disorder often occurs along with other mental disorders as:-

1) Phobia

2) Panic disorder

3) Post traumatic stress disorder ( PTSD)

4) Obsessive compulsory disorder (OSD)

5) Depression

6) Suicidal thoughts

7) Substance abuse


1) Impair the ability to perform tasks quickly

2) Take more time and focus from other activities

3) Feeling tiredness

4) Decrease energy

5) Increase risk of depression


1) Supportive or behavioural modification therapy

2) when generalized anxiety severe– medicine which is prescribed by consultant doctor, generally, anxiolytics, a non benzodiazipine anxiolytic may become the drug of choice.

3) Psychotherapy

4) Consult the doctor

Now a days, people all over the world have been living in fear and stress. So, there are some tips for overcoming these anxiety:-

1) Fearing change

2) living in the past

3) Putting yourself down

4) Overthinking

5) Trying to please everyone

Now, I think all of you aware about generalized anxiety disorders.