White fungus in the covid patient: is it more dangerous than black fungus

The second wave of covid 19 pandemic has been more devastating than the first wave. People are suffering rapidly in the second wave. The second wave, which is more stepper than the first wave, continues to transmit the virus among people. The second wave is spreading at a faster pace in every age group. As the second wave has not been slow down, the new type of infection found in Covid 19 as a Black fungus and now as White fungus.

Crowded in market

After a spike in black fungus cases in several states across the country, a new lethal fungus has emerged — White fungus .It is believed to be more fatal than black fungus.

As the deadly black fungus, that has come with a second wave of Covid-19 in the country, a new lethal” White fungus” has knocked the door, which has found in Patna, Bihar. At least, four patients had been diagnosed with this lethal fungal infection.

But, we should be alert that this could be many more cases of the disease so far unreported.

This white fungus can affect not only the lungs , but also other parts of the body including the skin, nails, stomach, kidney brain, mouth and private parts of the body.

A few months back , black fungus cases had come, which was more dangerous and affecting the people.

Now, there a new infection called white fungus has come and found in some affected Covid -19 patient.

These new cases of White fungus have been detected in Patna, Bihar and it seems that it is more dangerous than black fungus.

Actually, this infection can be caused due to low immunity or if people come in contact with things that contain these moulds like water etc.

So , sanitation is very very important.

Symptoms

Patients of white fungus show covid like symptoms, but their report might be negative, so, only this infection can be diagnosed through HRCT of the chest. Covid 19 patients are more prone to white fungus as it affects the lungs and similar symptoms develop like that of corona virus.

1) Fever

2) cough

3) Diarrhoea

4) Dark spots on lungs, reduced oxygen levels

Those who have weak immunity like diabetes, cancer patients and those patients who are taking steroids for a long period should take special care as they are more at risk.

According to experts, this new white fungus is four times more dangerous than the black fungus.

Test of covid

Treatment and prevention

Patients with white fungus are currently behaved toward with known anti-fungal medication and hope it might be helpful.

The unsanitary use of oxygen cylinders or the overuse of steroids can also heighten the risk of infection.

It is easy to prevent from white fungus infection by sanitising the oxygen or ventilator properly.

Cooperation with corona warriors

This white fungus (candida and aspergillus) reaching the lungs could pose a new challenge.

But, we can not ignore the fact that apart from fungus, many rare bacterial and other microorganisms — caused new symptoms may emerge in Covid and post- Covid patients in the coming days.

Especially, the patients who are home isolated,should do the HRCT of the chest immediately to rule out any problems.

It has been seen that the patient infected with white fungus showed covid- like symptoms but we’re tested negative. So, the expert believe on HRCT scan of the chest may be required to trace the fungal infection.

So, be careful and stay safe as well as follow the guidelines strictly.

Dr.S.k.jha

Yoga and Health: How to keep your body fit and flexibility

Yoga

Yoga: This word itself strikes in mind to keep fit mind and body. Yoga is a practice that connects the body, mind and breath. It uses physical postures, breathing exercises and meditation to improve overall health.

During this pandemic condition, Yoga is a booster for increasing the immunity system and strength of the body.

Actually, Yoga has developed as a spiritual practice thousands of years ago. It has been coming from ancient times, but recently in the past few decades, it is using to reduce obesity, mental illness, anxiety, flexibility, depression, hypertension and other ailments.

Scientists and Researchers also agree on this point Yoga is beneficial for health purpose.

Yoga is usually divided into 8 limbs which are:

1) Yama

2) Niyama

3) Asana

4) Pranayama

5) Pratyahara

6) Dharana

7) Dhayana

8) Samadhi

It is a holistic way of life leading to a state of complete physical, mental and spiritual wellbeing and harmony with the nature.

Yoga early morning

Yoga can be used by any age group for reducing mental stress, diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular disease as well as reducing anxiety and depression also.

Yoga at home

The nature of Yoga is to shine the light of awareness into the darkest corner of the body.

Although, Yoga originated in India thousands of years ago. Yoga has been proved by researchers that it is effective in the prevention as well as management of stress and stress-induced disorders.

It has been known that yoga is beneficial in health conditions like decreased anxiety, stress, fear, obesity and hypertension.

1) Obesity and overweight — overweight and obesity are strong risk factors for diabetes, hypertension and ischemic heart disease. Yoga is helpful in the management of obesity. Many people are suffering from obesity due to lifestyle and junk food. Less physical exercise increases overweight.

Obesity and overweight

2) Hypertension — Regular yoga practice for at least 1/2 hours per day is also found in controlling hypertension. Yoga together with psychotherapy, relaxation feedback and meditation has been found to a convincing antihypertensive effects.

Yoga stretch

3) Diabetes— In India and the world, there is the largest number of cases of diabetes. The practice of Yoga regularly can help in the control of type-2 diabetes mellitus. Yoga also has beneficial cognitive brain functions.

4) Lipid profile – Elevated serum total cholesterol, LDL, Triglycerides are risk factors of ischemic heart disease. So, Yoga is beneficial for controlling these factors.

Yoga regularly

5) Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – Yoga practice improves lung functions and strength of inspiratory and expiratory muscles. Yoga can improve the quality of life.

Stretching

Yoga can improve overall fitness levels and improve flexibility and posture.

a) it helps in relaxation

b) it lowers blood pressure level and heart rate

c) it improves coordination

d) it improves self confidence

e) it reduces stress

f) it improves concentration

g) it reduces anxiety, back pain and depression

h) it helps in sound sleep

I) it boosts the immune system functionally

j) it prevents irritable bowel syndrome and other digestive problems

k) it gives inner strength

l) it improves flexibility, builds muscle strength, perfect posture, prevents cartilage, and joint breakdown.

m) it improves balances and relaxes the system.

n) it is also better for bone health.

Balance and yoga

Therefore, it is concluded that the practice of yoga is beneficial for all dimensions of health i.e. physical, social, mental and spiritual. There are different types of Yoga. As per the yoga instructor, we should have to practice Yoga under his/ her guidance.

But, always remember that wrongly body or incorrect asanas and breathing incorrectly, while exercising can be harmful to health and body.

Yoga in correct position

So, Yoga is a light, which once lit will never dim.

Remember, Yoga is the practice of the quality of mind.

There are several Yoga styles and finding the right one which will help ensure you keep your practice regularly. For those, who want a more fast-paced practice, consider Power Yoga. Hatha Yoga is good for beginner’s because of its slow pace and introductory poses.

Don’t practice yoga to get better at yoga, practice Yoga to get better at living.

Now, I think all of you will start yoga and will take care of your health.

Dr.S.k.jha

What are modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors?

Here, I am giving some light on the modifiable and non-modifiable diseases, which are harmful to our health.

Coronary heart disease is the major killer in the world today. These killer risk factors can be controlled if we are aware of the risk factors of CHD. The factors which can change are modifiable and those that can’t are non-modifiable.

Non- modifiable risk factors

1) Increasing age– Incidence of CHD increases with age, majority of patients being in the 50 plus.

2) Sex– Men have a greater risk of CHD than women and they have attacks earlier in life.

3) Hereditary — Children of parents with CHD are more likely to develop it themselves. The lifestyle of the family, presence of other risk factors like obesity, hypertension, and diabetes in the family increase the risk.

Modifiable risk factors

1) Smoking — about 30% of the smoking-related deaths are due to CHD and smoking is responsible for about 20% of all death from CHD. Smokers who have a heart attack are more likely to die. Apart from the smokers, the people around the smoker( passive smokers) are also at the increase risk.

Smoker

2) Hypertension — The risk of CHD increases continuously with increasing blood pressure. Hypertension damage the endothelial lining of the arteries making them more susceptible to atherosclerosis and vasospasm.

Blood Pressure

3) High cholesterol levels — the risk of CHD rises as blood cholesterol levels increase. High blood cholesterol levels also increase the incidence of death due to CHD. The source of cholesterol can be exogenous( from the diet) or endogenous( produced in the body mainly by the liver). Today, people are eating an increased amount of non-vegetarian foods or junk foods and contributing to exogenous source of cholesterol.

Hear rate chart

4) Obesity– people who have excess body fat are more likely to develop CHD even if they have no other risk factors. Obesity is directly linked with CHD because it influences blood pressure, blood cholesterol and triglycerides and makes diabetes more likely to develop. Central obesity which is associated with increased abdominal fats has a greater adverse effect on associated risk factors and actual risk of CHD.

Obesity

So, there is a strong positive relationship between the degree of obesity and the presence of hypertension, hypertriglyceridaemia, hyperinsulinemia and low level of HDL – cholesterol.

5) Physical Activity — Physically inactive people have a higher tendency to develop obesity, diabetes, low blood viscosity and low HDL cholesterol and all are at an increased risk of developing CHD.

Exercise

People who exercise regularly have a greater cardiorespiratory reserve. Regular exercise is an excellent stress reliever.

6) Diabetes– Diabetes is a strong risk factor in women. Both IDDM and NIDDM are associated with a markedly increased risk of CHD. Diabetes increases triglycerides, reduce HDL cholesterol, damage the endothelium and promote smooth muscle proliferation in the arteries and increase transport of cholesterol into smooth muscle cells.

Diabetes checking

7) Stress— In daily life, we are under great stress these days. People are facing problems even to get their basic needs. The cost of living is increasing and people find it difficult to make their ends meet. The families are breaking and the responsibilities are not being shared. People under stress tend to overeat, start smoking or some more than they otherwise would. Stress can increase blood pressure, heart rate and adverse effects on coagulation and fibrinolysis.

Stress

A negative mind never gives you a positive life.

8) Oral contraceptive pills – there is evidence to suggest that the pill damages the arteries and increase the incidence of CHD, especially when taken 5 years or more. Risk is greater in women above 35 years old and in the presence of other risk factors.

Oral pills 💊

So, hope now you will take care of yourself, your families and friends.

Dr S.k.jha

Now I hope you will enjoy your life.

The correlation between stress and diseases

Everyone feeling stress in their life in different ways. So, here I am trying to tell about the correlation between stress and diseases, how people will be suffering by stress in life.

Life is too short, to stress yourself with people who don’t even deserve to be an issue in your life.

Stress is actually a normal part of life. We face much stress in life in different ways. But, too much stress can seriously interfere with our jobs, family life and health.

Not only me, everyone expresses stress from time to time. In today’s life, we have a lot of responsibilities at home and at work. If we can not keep the stress under control, it can lead to serious health issues such as high blood pressure, heart disease and diabetes and others.

To understand, the correlation between stress and disease, it is important to know the four general reactions to stress.

The reactions are depicted as:

1) Stress — normal alert followed by an action of defence.

2) Psychotic– The alarm may be misinterpreted or even ignored.

3) Neurotic– alert or anxiety is so great that the defence become ineffective.

4) Psychosomatic– defends by mind fails, alert transmitted to the body system.

Stressful

Prolonged alertness and tension can produce psychological disorders, involving specific body organs ranging from Minor ailments like asthma, arthritis, eczema, constipation, palpitation and disturbed sleep. But, prolonged stress can increase our susceptibility to major stress disorders like Hypertension, ischemic heart disease, diabetes or cancer which are life-threatening by lowering our resistance and immune system.

The common stress-related diseases are:–

1) Cardiovascular

2) Hypertension.. Uncontrolled blood pressure can strain the heart and contribute to the hardening of blood vessels.

B.P

3) Ischemic heart disease — this can prevent angina or heart attack. It indicates inadequate blood supply to the heart because of the narrowing of arteries. Stress is a major contributor to the development of atherosclerosis, increased stickiness of blood cells, spasm of the coronary arteries which led to ischemia.

4) Palpitation– It is the result of increased rate and force of heart contraction.

5) Migraine and headache — stress can lead to contraction of the muscles in the scalp, neck, forehead and cause tension headache. A migraine headache is a throbbing pain and is often accompanied by nausea or vomiting.

Headache

6) Chronic Fatigue — A constant feeling of tiredness is the commonest symptoms of stress. Fatigue can develop due to stress whether physical, mental or emotional, which drains us of energy.

7) Ulcer– ulcer can cause aggravating peptic ulcer disease. Stress leads to increased secretion of acid and thus causes damage to the inner lining of the stomach leading to ulceration.

Peptic ulcer problem

8) Diabetes mellitus– Though, stress may not directly cause diabetes .it can certainly trigger latent diabetes into a full-fledged one or can aggravate an already present diabetes.

So, except for all the diseases, some are feeling backache, irritable bowel syndrome, asthma and the common cold and cough.

Stress can be a major causal factor in physiological problems like depression, phobia, anxiety and other mental illness.

Now, it is understood that some degree of stress is required for our functioning. But, prolonged, pervasive and high level of stress can ruin our life – both physically and mentally. Thus, it is important to recognise It in the early stage and intervene to prevent the development of serious health hazards.

So, stop stressing. Take a deep breath. Everything will be okay. You can do this.

Dr S.k.jha

Now , I hope you all will your life stress-free.

GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDERS: CAUSES, SYMPTOMS & SOLUTIONS

It is estimated that around 15-18 million people are suffering from anxiety disorders.

It is characterized by persistent anxiety without any specific symptoms of phobia, panic or obsessive compulsive disorder.

It is normal to be time to time especially now a days when Covid 19 is spreading in full swing and affected more people day by day. Excessive worry and anxiety that are difficult to control and interfere with day to day activities lead to a sign of generalized anxiety disorder.

Generally , women are more affected than men. Women who is working , there are more stress for keeping balance between family and work. Daily life becomes a constant state of worry,fear and dread.

Causes

Exact reasons are not known,but some research suggests that the following reasons for generalized anxiety disorder.:–

1) Genetics

2) Environmental factors- Basically involves trauma, divorce, death of family members, changing jobs or loss of jobs.

3) Brain chemistry

4) Use of withdrawal of addictive substances such as alcohol, caffeine, nicotine.

Signs and symptoms

People who are suffering from it having some symptoms such as–

1) overthinking plans and solutions

2) persistent worrying or anxiety

3) muscle aches

4) fatigue

5) inability to relax, feeling restless

6) Difficulty in concentration

7) Trouble sleeping

8) Nervousness

Signs

1) Shakiness

2) Restlessness

3) Hyperactivity

4) Anxiety

5) Fear

6) Insomnia

7) Poor concentration

8) Irritability

9) Impatience

It is true that Sleeping is hard when our mind is full of thoughts.

It leads to more risks– such as economic hardship, food insecurity, health problems and G generalized anxiety- than they mitigate.

Anxiety or physical symptoms cause significant distress in social , work or other areas of life.

Anxiety may be present in depression, schizophrenia and other organic mental state. Except it, thyroid disease, renal disease, coronary artery disease can develop the signs and symptoms of anxiety.

Generally, generalized anxiety disorder often occurs along with other mental disorders as:-

1) Phobia

2) Panic disorder

3) Post traumatic stress disorder ( PTSD)

4) Obsessive compulsory disorder (OSD)

5) Depression

6) Suicidal thoughts

7) Substance abuse

Complications

1) Impair the ability to perform tasks quickly

2) Take more time and focus from other activities

3) Feeling tiredness

4) Decrease energy

5) Increase risk of depression

Treatment

1) Supportive or behavioural modification therapy

2) when generalized anxiety severe– medicine which is prescribed by consultant doctor, generally, anxiolytics, a non benzodiazipine anxiolytic may become the drug of choice.

3) Psychotherapy

4) Consult the doctor

Now a days, people all over the world have been living in fear and stress. So, there are some tips for overcoming these anxiety:-

1) Fearing change

2) living in the past

3) Putting yourself down

4) Overthinking

5) Trying to please everyone

Now, I think all of you aware about generalized anxiety disorders.