The Myths: Exercise and Aging

Old man running

There are a lot of myths regarding age and exercise. Many people as in young age play outdoor games and indoor games often and without feeling tired much. They enjoy themselves in activities. But as we become old ,we are not able to perform these outdoor games and indoor games as well as exercise as before they can do in young age group.

So, here I am discussing about the exercise and old age group, which is good for them.

As all of us know that fitness is very important now a days that anything in the world. At every age,it makes a huge difference in how we feel and more helps us to know these health problems related to Aging ( like Blood pressure, Arthritis, cholesterol levels, strength of bones and muscles.) that would help us for choosing the best exercises for older people.

If you are active and no any health problems issues,then you will be active as before no matter how old you are.

Myths about aging often keep people fear from exercise and other physical activities.

As matter of fact, difficulty with walking and stair-climbing are top complaints by older people. This is why doing exercise regularly is vital to living your life falls and staying in your own home.

Getting fit not only makes look younger,it also makes feel better,which can improve the appearance of look,skin and muscles tone.

The biggest challenge for most people is finding the right kind of exercise to help relieve their bone pain and immobility of the body.


1) I am too old to start exercising

It is truth that not moving is much riskier and can get some health problems. So, all of us know that activeness is very important in life. Inactive people are more likely to develop health problems such as high blood pressure,high cholesterol levels, arthritis and other health related problems.

If you don’t do the exercise for a long time and want to begin,then slowly do with a low impact exercise like warm up, walking, swimming etc.

Even a 20 minutes walk is a good exercise for starting.

If there is an activity that you enjoyed doing in young age ( like tennis, badminton, basketball) look for a way to get back to do it.

2) I will injure myself

Before doing exercise,old people think that they might be injured during workout because of not having enough strength and stamina. When the old people get started, should do slowly step by step to that they will be safe and not get injure.

So,judge yourself before beginning on exercise.

Remember, the more physically fit,less likely to get injured. People can safely begin to exercise in old age. However,any amount of exercise is beneficial from formal exercise to exercise snacks.Impouring balance by doing yoga , meditation may also help to avoid injury in life. So,do that exercise which will suit to the body and strength.

3) I don’t move like I used to

Exercise means does not lifting of heavy weight as you did in 20-30 years old. The older people can move at own pace and still benefits.

Researchers say that who walked just 30-40 minutes a day have lower risk of mobility after 2 years than those who didn’t.

So, instead of looking back at what the older people used to do, ready for doing exercise mentally and physically ahead.

As the old people think that they don’t have enough energy to exercise.

4) Seniors don’t have anyone to exercise with

They didn’t need someone to walk with them. If seniors are determined that they want get fit and shape their body,they don’t need anyone. They can do alone. If not ,then find some people who enjoy the same activities as they do.

Once, they will involve in active lifestyle,they may be surprised to see that there are already people around them who can do exercise with and who are working to get fit.

5) Elderly people could easily get injured while exercising

The elderly people think that they might get injured while doing exercise because they have not enough stamina and tone muscles for doing exercise.


But remember, exercise can help older people feel better and enjoy life more,even those who think they are too old or too out of shape. Exercise such as walking, swimming lifting of light weight helps build muscles that is usually lost with with age and puts stress on bones which helps keep them strong and healthy.

Researchers show that adults who walk a minimum 30-40 minutes daily,five days a week have an almost nine- year biological advantage.

6)I can’t afford the equipments

There is need of expensive equipments for doing exercise and keep fit.

Get a good sports shoes with good support and go for a walk or jogging. You can spend an hour in the garden and do plantation or keep care of your garden by gardening in home.


You can also use some light exercise like Push ups or planks. You can also go for walking or swimming.

Some local parks may have good for Yoga and walking. You can also join some fitness classes near by you.

7) My muscles and heart are not strong enough

Many old people think that there heart and muscles are not so strong for doing exercise regularly. But, it is not true if you do the exercise regularly,it helps strengthen the muscles and heart rather than put it at risk.

Yes, you have to know that which exercise is good for you. If you are suffering from health problems,then have to choose the right exercise for your body.

Physical activity can be as simple as taking a brisk walk.It is enough to help the blood circulation and cholesterol levels and it can boost the mood. Usually, poor strength will show as difficulty with going up and down the stairs, trouble getting up from a low chair or being unable to get up and down from the floor without help.

So, it is essential for old people to do some physical exercise as walking, jogging or gardening as well as light weight exercise.

If you exercise daily, your muscles and bones become strong and healthy.

It is matter of fact that difficulty with walking and stair-climbing are top complaints by older adults. This is why doing exercise regularly is vital to living your life fully and staying in fit.

Remember: progress is impossible without change and those who can’t change their minds can not change anything.

8) It is not safe for me to do exercise due to current health conditions

It is not true.Many health conditions can be improved by proper nutrition and exercise, including high blood pressure,heart disease, diabetes, arthritis and Parkinson’s disease. The key is finding the right kind of exercise to get the benefits.

Exercise has benefits at any age group. Staying active will allow us to continue

being independent and the lifestyle we enjoy.

1) exercising improves brain functioning.

2) working out sharpen the memory.

3) Running or walking burn calories.

4) Exercise prevents signs of aging.

5) Adults sick less often.

I hope that all of you have found this information helpful. Exercise is truly the key to staying actives. Once you realise this and priorities exercise in the life, you will never look back.

Dr S.K.jha


Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder

There are a lot of mental illness in the world and most people have different types of mental illness.Here I am try my best for lightening on one of the mental illness among children and adolescents,which are yet to reaserch is going and exact causes are unknown for Researchers.

This one is Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder.

It is a mental disorder in which children or adolescents experience ongoing irritability,anger, frustration,frequent anxiety and intense temper outbursts.

Children with Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder may have trouble in school and experience difficulty maintaining healthy relationship with family members and friends.

As Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder is a new diagnosis so,not a lot of research has been conducted on its causes, symptoms and treatments.

Children suffering from disruptive mood dysregulation disorder may experience situations and incidents more intensely than other children.

They may also lack any self – regulation skills appropriate for their age to control such feelings.

Children is difficult to regulate and manage their emotions inappropriate way.

Children and adolescents suffering from this condition experience extreme impairment which may be require of medical treatment. Children will have significant problems such as adjusting at home, school and with friends. They may also have high rates of hospitalization in critical condition.

Researchers show that dysruptive mood dysregulation disorder occur mostly in boys rather than the girls.

Researchers show that this condition usually develops during early childhood.


1) irritability

2) outbursts of anger

3) difficulty in functioning

4) difficulty in adjustment in new environment

5) lack of self control

6) living alone

7) yelling, screaming

8) lack of interest in home works

9) they may have trouble in keeping healthy relationship with family members and friends


Exact causes of DMDD is unknown,but some factors may be causing of this disorder:-

a) genetic factors

b) negative childhood experiences

c) co- occuring mental conditions

d) temperament vulnerability ( irritability, anxiousness,moodiness,difficult behaviour)

e) poor parental support

f) family conflicts

g) substance use

h) disciplinary problems at school

i) parental hostility

It is a challenging disorder that can be hard to identify and diagnose. Moreover,it can lead to serious problems in different aspects of a child’s life.

If this disorder untreated,it may result in anxiety and depression in their adulthood and affecting their ability to function in daily life.

This condition usually develops before the age of 11 or 12.


1) Medical history

2) persistent, severe and outbursts of temper

3) persistent angry or irritable mood

4) the behaviour and symptoms must be experienced in multiple phases.

5) psychological tests


The exact treatment for this disorder is not confirmed yet. Still, there are some medical treatment and other methods might be helpful for recovering from this disorder.

1) Medication

a) antidepressants, antipsychotic medicine

2) Psychotherapy ( cognitive behavioral therapy)


3) Psychological treatment as computer based training, parents training, supportive or behaviour therapy

Psychological treatments are considered as the first line of treatment for this condition.

Parents are advised to contact their doctors and keep in touch with him.

Dr S.K.jha

Lower Back pain : Yoga for stretching back pain

Lower back pain is the most ailment nowadays. Most people experience it in their lifetime.

Researchers show that lower back pain is the most common cause of absence from work and it is the most common disability.

Lower back pain is the result of an injury or arthritis,disc injuries and structural problems.

This is why it is important to strengthen the back muscles and doing some exercises or yoga can help prevent lower back pain.

Researchers say that 82% of the population will experience lower back pain at some time in their lives.

Lifestyle factors often play a large part in back pain. Sitting for a long period of time and a weak core can lead to pain.

However, the following stretches can help to reduce the pain and strengthen the muscles in back.

Try this types of stretches in morning day daily for relief of lower back pain.

Cat-cow pose

1) The cat- cow pose– it is a good stretch which targets the shoulders, chest and neck whilst waking up the spine.

a) start on all fours in the tabletop position.Ensure your hands are directly under your shoulders and your knees are directly under your hips.

b) Inhale and arch your back towards the sky and hold. The exhale and curl your spine the opposite way, tilting your head towards the sky.

Continue this movement for 3-5 times.

2) Child’s pose- This is a traditional Yoga pose which is great for releasing tight glutes and hamstrings .It will also help to relieve tension along the neck, shoulder and spine.

a) stretch with your hands and knees on the ground. Sink the hips back towards the heels rest the stomach on the thighs.

b) stretch the hands out in front of you,so that you feel a stretch along your latissimus dorsi( lats) .

Child’s pose

c) Focus on breathing deeply and relaxing any areas of tightness or tension. Hold this pose for 30 seconds – 1 minutes.

3) Bird dog position – this Yoga pose is good for stretching the back muscles.

a) start in the tabletop position and raise the right leg and left arm away from each other.

b) keeping the hips and shoulders parallel to the ground, lengthen through the spine whilst gazing at the floor.

c) Hold this position for a few seconds,lower to the floor and repeat on the opposite side.

4) Pigeon pose- it is a good yoga for back pain reliever.

a) begin in the tabletop position and bring right knee forward towards the right wrist.Move the right ankle so that it sits in front of left hip without feeling any discomfort in the right knee.

b) slide the left leg back away from the body,now walk the hands forward and lower the upper body towards the floor.Rest the forearms and forehead on the ground.

c) once again whilst breathing deeply, concentrate on releasing any tension in the right glutes. Stay for 5 breaths or longer and then return to the starting position and repeat on the opposite side.

5) Seated spinal twist- the spinal twist works on the back, hips and glutes. It increases the mobility in spine whilst stretching the neck.

a)start by sitting with legs out in front of you. Bend the right knee and place the right foot to the outside of the left thigh.Now start to twist to the right.

b) place the hand behind for the support and then with the left arm hug the knee. Hold this pose for up to a minute and repeat on the other side.

6) Knee to chest stretch – This stretches relax the hips, thighs and glutes while promoting overall relaxation.

a) start by lying on the back with both legs out straight. Next, draw the right knee in towards the chest and hold above the shinbone. Lengthen the spine to avoid lifting of the hips.

b) Breathe deeply to relax any tension and hold for 1-3 minutes.Repeat on the opposite side.

So, this types of Yoga help in reliving the back pain.

Dr S.K.jha

Back Pain : what is the cause , symptoms and treatment?

Many people these days getting back pain in their life. Researchers show that 80% of the population are getting experience of back pain at some time in their lives.

Lifestyle factors often play an important cause of back pain. Sitting for a long period of time can lead to pain.

Common reasons of back pain are muscles strain, disc damage and some health problems such as ankylosing spondylitis, scoliosis and osteoporosis.

Back pain can be result from injury, accident, lifting of heavy weight luggages and some medical conditions.

It can affect people of any age group. As people getting older,the developing of back pain increases due to some factors as long- lasting sitting position, occupation and degeneration of disc damage. The bone becomes weak.

As all us know that the human back consists of a complex structure of muscles, ligaments, tendons,discs and bones that work together to support the body and help in movements.

Problems of any of these components can lead to back pain.


Back pain commonly due to strain, injury or health conditions such as tuberculosis of spine, osteoporosis etc.

It can also occurs due to a muscles spasm,strains or ligaments, tendons rupture, damage discs , injuries, fractures or falls on the floor.

Other causes

Some medical conditions can lead to back pain:

1) cancer of the spine

2) osteoporosis

3) infection of the spine

4) slip disc disorder

5) other infections are:

a) pelvic inflammatory disease

b) kidney or bladder infection may also lead to back pain

6) shingles – an infection that can affect the nerve may lead to back pain.


Back pain may present as muscle aches, morning stiffness, pain affected by bad postures, feeling of burning or stabbing sensations and sometimes all the way down to the buttocks and legs.

1) inflammation or swelling on the back

2) pain down to the legs

3) pain that reaches below the knees

4) persistent back pain when lying on the bed or resting doesn’t help

5) injury, trauma or feature to the back

6) urinary incontinence

7) fecal incontinence

8) numbness

9) increase the pain when lifting, bending or twisting

10) affect a specific spot in the back or spread all over the back


The diagnosis of back pain is essential to get proper medical history, symptoms and carry out a physical examination.

An X-ray, MRI or CT scan can give information about the state of back pain.

Blood test is also necessary if there is a suspicion of infection.


Treatment of back pain depends on the type and causes of pain.

It can include hot or cold pack,pain relieving medications, exercise,yoga, physical therapy, complementary and alternative therapies and even surgery.

1) Generally,pain relief medications – NSAIDs such as Ibuprofen can relieve some discomfort.

2) Applying a hot or cold pack to the painful area may also reduce pain.

3) Resting from strenuous activity can help,but moving around will ease stiffness, alleviate pain and prevent muscles from weakening.

4) Medical treatment or physical therapy or both.

A physical therapy may introduce some flexibility and strength exercises for the back and abdominal muscles.

5) Technique for improving posture may also help.

a) traction- pulleys and weights are used to stretch the back. It can also reduce the pain ,but only when traction is needed.

b) cortisone injection – it helps reduce inflammation around the nerve roots.

6) Surgery- surgery for back pain is in critical condition of spine and nerve roots.

If the individual has a herniated disk, surgery may be an option, especially if there is persistent pain and nerve compression which can lead to muscle weakness.


Prevention is the steps to lower the risk of back pain consists of some preventable factors.

1) exercise

2) diet

3) posture

4) avoid lifting of heavy weights

5) bed

So, these are the problems of back pain which can make the life uncomfortable.


The importance of parent’s role in the development of child

There is a lot of problems to guide the children in a healthy way so that they can become a good and kind hearted person. Here, there are some competencies that predict good parenting outcomes. It is some effort,so how will they predict a strong parent- child bond and children’s happiness, health and success.

1) Love and affection – parents should support and help in developing the child’s physical health and spend one-on-one time together.

2) Relationship skills – Parents should maintain a healthy relationship with their spouse, significant other and model effective relationship skills with other people.

3) Stress management – Parents should take steps to reduce stress for themselves and their child,practic relation technique and promote positive interpretations of events.

4) Education and learning – Parents should provide educational opportunities for their child and help in learning process in study.

5) Autonomy and Independence – Parents should treat their child with respect and encourage them to become self-sufficient and self- reliant.

6) Health – Health is very important for child. So, parents should take care of their lifestyle and good habits such as regular exercise and proper nutrition for their child.

7) Life skills – Parents should provide for their child to become a healthy person and should plan for the future of the child.

8) Behaviour management –Parents should make extensive use of positive reinforcement and punish only when other methods of managing behaviour have failed.

9) Religion- Parents should support spiritual or religious development and participate in spiritual or religious activities.

10) Safety– Parents should take essential precautions to protect their child and maintain awareness of the child’s activities and friends.

11) Socio- cultural development – the child learn how to interact with others by working towards a common goal, developing team spirit, selecting the right friends and much more.

12) Cognitive development – Positive parenting increases children’s cognitive,social and problem solving abilities as they grow up.

13) Physical development – Parental guidance can instill in children a healthy exercise and eating regimen to achieve optimal physical development. Parents should remember that their children set a good example.

14) Mental development – Parenting methods assist the child with learning innovatively, embracing set back and overcoming them, understanding discipline, taking criticism,also rewarded and punishment concept.

Support the child’s mental health

a) Love- be there for your child and show care and love

b) Be proud – tell your child that you are proud of them.

c) Educate- educate yourself about mental health problems

d) Coping – help your child to learn some simple coping skills such as relaxation, playing

e) Conversation – encourage your child to engage in conversation

f) Exercise – encourage play, exercise and support

g) Behaviour – keep an eye out for any changes in behaviour

h) Support – regularly support, encourage and praise your child

i) Help- don’t be afraid to seek help from professionals

j) Problem solving – help your child to effectively problem solve

k) Rest time – help your child to manage stress by building in some rest time

l) Feeling – get to know that how your child is feeling

m) Listen –make sure that you take time to listen to what your child has to say

n) Environment – parents should provide a positive environment for their child where they can thrive.

So, these are some useful tips for parents to guide their children in positive environment.

Dr S.k.jha

Psychotic Depression: what is it and what are the symptoms,signs and treatment?

Psychotic Depression is a mental health problems in which the patient may cause symptoms of hallucinations or delusions. It involves symptoms of psychosis during an episode of depression.

It is estimated that about 3% to 12% of all people will experience severe depression during their lifetime.

Psychotic Depression affects roughly one out of every four people admitted to the hospital for depression.

In this case, the patient may have:-

1) Delusion

2) Hallucinations

3) a state of stupor

4) psychomotor impairment

It can affect the mood, behaviour, everyday life and physical health.

Psychotic depression is often considered a psychiatric emergency because the patient is at increased risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviour.


1) lack of interest and pleasure in all activities

2) a persistent low,sad, empty or hopeless mood

3) loss of appetite

4) sleeping difficulties

Sleeping difficulties

5) fatigue

6) difficulty in concentration

7) feeling of guilty

8) frequently feeling of worthlessness

9) suicidal thoughts

Psychotic Depression is always serious mental illness.

People with psychotic depression may spend a lot of time by themselves or in bed, sleeping during the day and staying awake in the night. A person with psychotic depression may neglect appearance by not bathing or changing clothes or that person may be hard to talk to.

Psychotic hallucinations and delusions might involve:-

a) believing that having a serious health problems

b) believing that having a unique power

c) believing that becoming an important person

d) hearing unwanted voices

e) paranoia or extreme suspicion of other people

Delusions and hallucinations often feel completely real. They can lead to distress,panic and tremor.

There is not exact cause of psychotic disorder. Researchers have yet to find oy if the actual cause of psychotic depression.

There are some possible cause for psychotic disorder are:-

1) Genetic

2) Environmental factors

3) Traumatic or stressful experience


Being diagnosed with psychotic depression, the patient may have five or more of the following symptoms:-

A) agitation

B) Loss of appetite

C) Depressed mood

D) Difficulty in concentration

E) Insomnia

F) A lack of interest in all activities

G) Low energy level

H) Suicidal thoughts

I) Feeling of guilty

Risk factors

1) Not having close friends

2) a family history of any mental health problems

3) a major negative life events in the past year

4) surviving extreme stress or trauma

5) living with chronic pain or chronic health problems

6) financial difficulties

7) age( older adults have a higher risk)

8) a family history of bipolar disorder with psychosis, schizophrenia or major depressive disorder with psychosis


The diagnosis and treatment usually involves a medical history.

1) Medications – if the patient experiences both depression and psychosis,then antidepressants, antipsychotic medicine can be given.

2) Electroconvulsive therapy – it can be used in severe depression condition.

3) Cognitive behavioral therapy – it is also used for depressive patients.

Psychotic depression can be frightening.

Dr S.k.jha

Exercise and fitness: why it is so important?

Nowadays,most of the people want to keep fit and shape.But, they are unaware that how to keep fit their body and being in shape.

So, here I am trying my best to explain some tips for everyone,just for a few minutes exercises help in keep fit.

All of us know that as the age going so fast , muscles are getting weak, if if want to get back in shape,the this workout may help you.

1) Jumping jack Remember, when you were young and going to school or college, you have leaned some exercises there as jumping jack,stand up with your legs spread and your hands touching overhead. Then as you jump , bring your legs back together and put your arms to your sides.

Do this type of exercise for 30-40 seconds, take a 15 second break and go ready for next exercise.

Jumping jack

2) Wall sits- in this exercise,stand tall against a wall with your head and back touching the wall.

Position your feet so that they are shoulder -width apart and a few inches away from the wall. Rest your arms at your sides.

Bend your knees and lower into a squat position until your thighs are parallel to the floor and hold the position.

Return to the standing position by straightening your knees and standing tall again.

3) Push ups – The Push ups build both upper body and core strength.

First ,get into a plank position on the floor,feet together with toes tucked under hands planted flat below your shoulder.

Drop down on all fours and place your hands on the floor so they are straight and slightly beyond shoulder -width.Lower your body until your chest nearly touches the floor and then push yourself back up as quickly as you can.

Repeat it for 30 seconds.

4) Ab crunches – This exercise is the best way to burn belly fat and strengthen the abdominal muscles.

First lie on your back , with your knees bent and feet on the floor. Tighten your core .Press your lower back into the floor and reach towards top of knees.

Return to starting position,but remember your core should be tight and repeat it for 40 seconds.

5) Squat- this exercise helps you build up your quads, arms and calves. It also gives strengthening the whole core and enhancing the strength.

First of all your feet should be shoulder -width apart or slightly wider.

Extend your hands out in front of you and sit back and down, keeping your head facing forward.Make sure that your back does not round.Keep lowering yourself until your thighs are parallel to the floor. Press back through your heels.

Repeat it for 30 seconds.

6) Tricep Dip on bench or chair- in this exercise, first of all,sit on a chair with your hands either next to your hips or slightly under the hips.

Lift up onto your hands and bring your hips forward.

Bend your elbows and lower your hips down, keeping shoulder down and hips close to the chair. Now push back up but don’t lock your elbows and repeat it.

Do it for 30 seconds.

7) Plank- The plank is the most important exercise. It helps to give strength of core muscles, ribbed abs and strong shoulder.

Just get into push ups position on the floor,bend your elbows 90 degree and prop yourself on the elbows, forearms and forefeet forming a straight line from head to feet, then hold it for as long as you can without moving your waist.

Repeat it for 40 seconds.

8) Lunges – it is one of the most important exercise. There are a variation of lunges exercise.

Stand with your feet together.straight forward on your right foot, dropping your pelvis down towards the floor. Lowering yourself until both front and back knees are best as close to a 90 degree angle as possible. Then push back with the front leg and return to your starting position. Switch legs.

Repeat this exercise for 30-40 seconds.

9) Side plank – it is an important exercise for strengthening the oblique abdominal muscles.

Lie on your left side,legs extended and stacked from hip to feet. The elbow of your left arm is directly under your shoulder. Ensure your head is directly in line with your spine. Your right arm can be aligned along the right side of your body.

The goal should be hold for 60 seconds.

Change side and repeat.

10) Push up and rotation – start in a standard push- up position. Begin a push up ,but as you come back up , shift your weight onto your left side.

Rotate your upper body and extended your right arm straight up toward the ceiling. Return to your starting position,then repeat with right side.

Repeat for 40 seconds.

11) Jumping jack – it is the exercise you can do it earlier in school or college.

Stand with your feet together and hands at your sides. Now , simultaneously swing your arms above your head and jump just high enough to spread your feet wide without pausing quickly reverse the movement and repeat.

12) High knees – This exercise is a combination of the run in place with exaggerated knee left.

Stand straight with your feet shoulder -width apart. Face upward and open your chest.

Bring your knees up to waist level and then slowly land on the balls of your feet. Repeat it for 40 seconds until the set is complete.

This is a good exercise for warm up the body that increases aerobic fitness. Prepare your body for more complex movements. Performing High knees bring your heart rate up , increase the metabolism and helps you burn more calories throughout the day.

Now ,if you do these exercises daily,you will start seeing improvement in your body and shape.

Dr S.k.jha

Hanuman Jayanti: An important festival in India and Nepal

Hanuman Jayanti is a great Hindu festival celebrated in India and Nepal.It is celebrated on the occasion of the birth of Lord Hanuman who is a popular Hindu deity in India and Nepal. Customs and rituals may vary from place to place ,but seeking Hanuman blessing of strength and courage are centric to the idea

Lord Hanuman is well known for his power and intellect. He single -handedly burned the whole Lanka and even king Ravana could not Stop him. He is also as peaceful and sober as he is powerful.

It is believed that he is immortal being and possesses immense power to eradicate all kinds of negativity or temptations.

Hanuman or Anjani putra ( son) is worshipped by Hindu. Hanuman is worshipped for his strength, wisdom, powerful and agility. A great devotee of Sri Lord Rama is the symbol of devotion and dedication.

Lord Hanuman is worshipped in all the temples of India and Nepal. Every temple of Sri Rama contains an icon of Hanuman. Worship of Sri Lord Rama is complete only with the worship of Hanuman.

In Hinduism,Lord Hanuman is considered a symbol of devotion, dedication and strength. He is also considered a symbol of courage and selflessness.

In southern India,as in Tamilnadu, Hanuman Jayanti is celebrated on the day Hanuman met Lord Rama,but not on the day of his birth.

According to mythology, Lord Hanuman is an incarnation of Lord Shiva ( 11th Rudra) and the most powerful being in all the realms.

Many states in southern India celebrate Hanuman Jayanti as Hanuman Vardhanti.

It is very common to find a temple of Lord Hanuman in towns and villages of India.

He is widely worshipped in India.Lord Hanuman is believed to be immortal and possesses immense strength and divine powers. It is said that he is able to fly, change his size at will and be invulnerable to weapons.

Hanuman chalisa was written by Sant Tulsidas in 1497-1623. It is believed in Hinduism that chanting Hanuman chalisa benefits can ward off all negative thoughts and energy.

The word Hanuman chalisa has a beautiful meaning. In Hinduism, the word ‘Chalisa ‘ was derived from’Chalis’ which means forty(40). It represents 40 verses in the hymn.

Sant Tulsidas had written Hanuman chalisa in 40 days in the jail of Third Mughal Emperor Jalaluddin Mohammad Akbar.

Hanuman chalisa is a devotional hymn dedicated to Lord Hanuman,a Hindu deity known for his strength, courage and devotion.

Hanuman chalisa

The Hanuman chalisa is believed to have several benefits:-

1) freedom from family problems

2) protection from evil

3) enhance strength and courage

4) to fulfill all wishes

5) when fear is unknown

6) success in efforts

7) build confidence

8) strengthen Mars or Mangal

9) reduce the effects of Saturn

10) get rid of sin

11) create a feeling of positivity

12) the feeling of Divine Bliss

Reciting the Hanuman chalisa 108 times brings positive results and help to regain strength and confidence.

Recital of Hanuman chalisa,a devotional hymn of Lord Hanuman, which is also one of the most read Hindu religious scriptures of all time.

Devotees strong believe that reciting the Divine hymn Hanuman chalisa continuously helps to overcome all sorrows and difficulties.

On this day, people go to temples dedicated to Hanuman to seek blessings.

Many devotees read Hanuman chalisa in temples and homes.


It is an important festival for the Hindus and celebrate it with great enthusiasm.

Every year on the auspicious day of Hanuman jayanti, devotees worship Lord Hanuman with a pure heart,some keep fasting to get his blessings for a successful life.

So, this festival teaches us to remain calm every time just like Lord Hanuman.


Schizoaffective disorder

Sizoaffective disorder is a chronic and serious mental illness which is characterized by symptoms of both schizophrenia and mood disorder.

It is combined with symptoms of

1) mania

2) hypomania and/or

3) depression

In this case , the person suffers from a set of schizophrenia symptoms such as delusion, hallucinations or paranoid thoughts. Mood disorder symptoms as mood swing, depression or mania can occur.


There are two types:-

1) Bipolar type

2) Depressive type

Males are more suffering than females. Around the age of 18 for male and 26 is in female.

Schizoaffective disorder is considered incomprehensible cases.

Each case is characterized by a mixture of symptoms of different behaviour and episodes that are differ from person to person.

The schizoaffective disorder is characterized by Cycles of acute symptoms followed by a period of improvement with fewer acute symptoms.

Depressive type schizoaffective disorder is characterized by episodes of major depression without mania

Bipolar type schizoaffective disorder is characterized by major depression and episodes of mania.


Symptoms of this case may vary from one person to another person.

These symptoms are: –

1) sensory hallucinations

2) troubled speech

3) difficulty in thinking

4) delusion

5) Depressive symptoms

6) thinking you are being controlled

7) mood disturbances

8) mania

9) disorganised thinking

10) lack of drive

Disorganised thinking

A depressive episode of the schizoaffective disorder requires six or more symptoms over a two week period.

1) difficulty in concentration

2) depressed mood

3) the feeling of guilty or worthlessness

4) thought of death or suiside

5) decreased sleep

6) loss of appetite

7) lack of energy

8) slowing of movement

9) the lack of pleasure

Similarly, a manic episode of schizoaffective disorder requires a period of irritable or elevated mood for atleast three of the following symptoms.

These are:-

1) increased energy

2) increased activity

3) increased self- esteem

4) more goal- directed activity

5) engaging in risky behaviour

6) speedy thoughts

7) less Sleep

8) becoming talkative

9) irritability

10) being easily distracted

The general signs and symptoms of schizoaffective disorder is :

1) hallucinations

2) delusion

3) major depressive episode

4) unusual behaviour

5) sudden increase in activity

6) deficiency in the job and social performance


The exact cause of schizoaffective disorder is unknown. But, there are some factors that can lead to this disorder:-

1) Genetic factor

2) Environmental factor

3) Delayed development of brain

4) Birth defects

5) Taking drugs

6) Exposure to toxins

Risk factors

One of the most important factor that increase the risk of developing the schizoaffective disorder is a close relatives ( blood relative) who suffer from one of the following:

1) schizophrenia

2) bipolar disorder

3) clinical depression


People with schizoaffective disorder are at increased risk of:-

1) suicide or suicidal thoughts

2) family and personal conflicts

3) social isolation

4) anxiety disorder

5) manic and depressive behaviour

6) excess drug abuse and alcohol consumption

7) major health problems

8) unemployment


There is no specific tests for diagnose schizoaffective disorder:-

But, a) physical examination

b) medical history

c) Lab test

d) MRI test

These tests make sure that another type of illness is not causing the symptoms.


It is treated with a combination of Psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, medications and skill therapy. The electroconvulsive therapy is also useful for some patients.

So, mental illness is very serious and sometimes fatal. So, there is help and hope for recovery.

Dr S.k.jha

Fitness and Health

Now a days people are busy, have a sedentary job and have not enough time for his health and exercise daily for fitness.But,if people can do exercise daily for fitness and make a habit,feel better and help prevent or control many diseases and likely even live longer.

So, many people want to get fit and shape of body. So,it is important to do some exercise at home daily or in Gym ,but remember exercise depends on age,body immunity, resistance power and stamina. It is better to do exercise in guidance of an expert trainer.

Walking is a good exercise for all ages

Benefits of exercise

It can make feel better,help with weight loss .It is good for muscles and bone strength. It can reduce risk of chronic disease and help brain memory.

Yoga, meditation, walking, light weight exercise, heavy weight exercise and people either do it in Gym or at home also. So,make a habit for fitness and enjoy life..

There are six factors for fitness and Health :

1) Nutrition

2) Medical checkup

3) Avoiding of smoking, alcohol and drugs

4) Stress and management

5) Rest

6) Exercise

1) Nutrition – Good health is a direct result of eating right food in the right quantity. The right food should proportionate amounts of the nutrients as proteins, carbohydrates,fats, vitamins and minerals.

Eat good,feel good

Protein is required for building and maintaining health tissues and is found in meat, eggs,milk and pulses. carbohydrates and sugar give energy and are found in rice,bread, potatoes and certain vegetables.Fat is found in butter,ghee, cheese and vegetable oil.

Minerals include such as calcium, phosphorus,iron, magnesium and iodine are essential for building of bones,teeth,nerve cell, hemoglobin and metabolism etc. They are found in vegetables,milk, cheese,fish,nuts ,liver and fruits etc.

Vitamins are available in natural foods.Lack of vitamins cause dry skin, itching eyes,loss of appetite and anemia.

2) Medical checkup- Everyone including children and adults should have medical checkup regularly. In old age,a medical checkup may be necessary for every six months to one year. A simple rule to follow is everyone should have annual medical checkup which will detect any unsuspected illness and do necessary investigation for finding correct diagnosis and treatment.

During annual checkup, doctor may be able to locate such disorders such as cysts, tumors etc by feeling the various parts of the body with his instruments.

The blood pressure should be checked and tests conducted on urine, blood samples to enable the doctor to prescribe the specialised treatment and advise on such matters as diet, medicine and rest.

3) Avoidance of alcohol, smoking and drugs – smoking cigarettes and smoke have certain several chemical compounds such as nicotine, carbon monoxide and other irritants which act on mouth,air passages and lungs are directly absorbed by blood stream and affects all the organs of the body. The most serious risk in smoking is lung cancer and smoking can also lead to heart diseases and bronchitis.

The only way to give up smoking is willpower.

Alcohol is also dangerous for health. It is directly absorbed into the blood stream as soon as it is consumed and the blood carries it to the liver,heart, lungs and brain muscles etc. Alcohol slow down the efficiency of these organs and results in disordination of the muscles and disordination of the nervous system and the brain. It also causes liver disorder and ulceration of the mouth.

Drugs – They are used for medical purposes in the form of capsule, tablets, syrup or injection. Excessive use of any drugs beyond the prescribed doses is harmful and is called drug addiction.

Drug addiction is uncomfortable compulsion to take drugs as opium,heroin, morphine, cocaine etc and the result of taking drugs overdose can result in death. Drugs taking and addiction should be avoided.

4) Stress management – Stress is an extra pressure which is harmful for body and health. These stress meet certain demands and these demands could be physical, emotional and so on. The body reacts to all these demands in which the heart ,blood vessels,lungs, nervous system, muscular system are activated. This results in rapid heart beat, increased blood supply,rapid breathing etc.therapy giving the body extra energy and power to meet those demands.

Unpleasant emotions like anger, depression, frustration and failure cause distress to the body which results in over- stimulation of endocrine system, release of adrenaline, increase in heart beat, muscular spasm of the digestive system, increase in blood pressure , fatigue,bodyache, irritability,insomnia, and sexual difficulties etc.

Excessive stress is caused by demands made by working people such as rushing to the office, payments, meeting,extra work pressure etc. The physiological reactions to psychological disturbances are increased blood pressure,heart attack etc… So avoid all these ailments have to be cheerful,proper managements having realistic and achieving goal with faith on oneself.

5) Rest- The body requires rest which may take two forms

a) Relaxation

b) Sleep

A) Relaxation – Relaxation can be achieved by yoga, listening music, walking, painting, photography and whatever you like to do.

B) Sleep- sleep is the purest form of rest in which person’s body and nervous system become almost inactive.Sleep is essential for mental and physical health, the amount of sleep varies according to age and individual needs.

Lack of sleep or insomnia could result in irritability, confusion, fatigue and disordination.

Relax- you are enough, you do enough.Breathe extra deep ,let go and just live right now in the moment.

6) Exercise – There are several form of exercise and the most famous are isometric, Isotonic,Isokinetic ,yoga and aerobic exercises.

The physical fitness of the body comprises four basic factors i.e. strength, stamina,speed and flexibility.

So, these are the factors for getting healthy life and enjoying the life.

Dr S.K. jha